Angioplasty procedure in which and balloon catheter is passed into the narrowed portion of the blood vessel and then inflated in order to widen the narrowed or obstructed blood vessel. Typically angioplasties are safer than bypass surgery. Results from death from this type or procedure are far less than the bypass surgery is. Hypertension, diabetes, and smoking are just a few of the blockages that can occur in which angioplasty is used to remove. The balloon that is used during the surgery is not the same material as that of a toy balloon. The procedure can take anywhere from 30 min. to three hours in order to complete. The catheter used during the procedure is inserted into a blood vessel in the groin or above the elbow and is carefully guided by the doctor through the blood vessels until it reaches the blog portion of the coronary artery, it is then inflated.
Complications may occur during or after angioplasty; some of these include tearing of the artery, kidney problems, arrhythmia, allergic reaction, and blood clots. There are of course as with any surgeries risks with angioplasty. Some of these complications include myocardial infarction, kidney problems, and death. Risks are much higher for those 75 years or older, patients suffering from diabetes or kidney disease, as with patients with poor pumping function in their hearts.
As long there are no complications most of the patients are only monitored overnight and released the next day. Patients are advised to avoid any physical and/or mental stress after the surgery is complete. If you have swelling and bleeding or pain from the surgery site develops any other kind discomfort shortness of breath the patient should seek immediate medical attention. Some of the different types of angioplasty include peripheral, coronary, renal artery, and carotid.
Peripheral angioplasty is the opening of blood vessels outside the coronary arteries utilizing a balloon. Commonly used to treat atherosclerotic, narrowing of the abdomen. Coronary angioplasty is used to treat narrowed coronary arteries of the heart commonly found in coronary heart disease. Renal artery angioplasty is used to treat atherosclerotic obstruction of the renal artery; carotid angioplasty is used to treat carotid artery stenosis.
The risk of death during and or after angioplasty with today’s modern technology is less than 1% providing all the guidelines for post-surgery care are followed. The procedure usually requires 23 hours or less of hospitalization after it is complete. According to statistics it is a relatively safe procedure.