ST segment elevation myocardial infarction also known as the acronym STEM I, is a type of heart attack which is the most severe type. In a ST segment elevation myocardial infarction and coronary artery is completely blocked off by a blood clot, which in turn causes all of the heart muscle that is blocked off by the blood clot to begin to die. During an electrocardiogram it was shaded the ST segment elevated, showing that this is a large amount of heart muscle damage due to the coronary artery being completely occluded.
As a patient of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction the first six months following a heart attack, you must maintain continued medical therapy and continue such medications as prescribed by your doctor as aspirin, beta blockers, ace inhibitors, and statin. Damage to the heart muscle does not always have the symptoms of chest pain nor does the EKG show ST elevation the best way to attempt to stay away from heart attacks is to prevent them.
Treatment of a ST segment elevation myocardial infarction usually entails giving aspirin and admission to a cardiac catheterization lab also known as a Cath Lab, or to have a coronary angiogram performed. The blood clot occluding the new blood vessel will be removed so that the narrowed coronary artery can be widened and kept dilated with a stent.
A STEMI can be identical to that of a ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. A STEMI, the blood clot only occludes a portion of the artery and as a result only a portion of the heart muscle affected dies. The important difference is that an EKG does not show the typical ST elevation changes traditionally associated with the heart attack. In most cases a Stemi is treated with thrombolysis or percutaneous coronary intervention. Incidents in which patients have multiple blockages a bypass surgery is sometimes the most effective treatment. In an acute coronary syndrome, without ST segment elevation is deciding whether an actual heart attack is occurring or an unstable angina (symptoms produced when the heart muscle is not getting enough blood supply).
In conclusion, treating ST segment elevation myocardial infarction is a serious condition. It is important to realize that not every hospital is equipped to treat a STEMI patient. So getting a patient with ST segment elevation myocardial infarction to the appropriate facility is very important because time is of the essence.