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Mar
19

The Updated PALS Course

By

Pediatric Advanced Life Support

When medical emergency strikes and puts the life of a child in danger, medical personnel must perform intervention to save the child’s life within a short time interval to prevent or minimize complications. This is the very reason why Pediatric Advanced Life Support or PALS was developed – to save a child’s life.

What is Pediatric Advanced Life Support?

Pediatric Advanced Life Support, abbreviated as PALS, is a course available for healthcare practitioners in order to respond to pediatric emergencies to save the life of children using a systematic and specialized approach in handling life-threatening situations for pediatric patients.

It involves a sequence of assessment, planning, intervening and evaluation performed within a few minutes to mitigate complications or damage in the critical situations involving a pediatric patient. Pediatric advanced life support is made up of basic life support, pediatric management, treatment algorithms, resuscitation measures, effective team management and several medical principles. The goal of pediatric advanced life support is to answer the needs of critical or seriously ill pediatric patients to save their lives.

Assessment in PALS involves checking a child’s appearance, breathing and circulation. Similar to basic life support and advanced cardiac life support, the principles may overlap with PALS as they share the same goal but on different patients. But applying those principles on a pediatric patient brings a drastic change to the practice.PALS

What are the Components of PALS?

Pediatric advanced life support is made up of several components. Most of which involve medical experience. That is the reason why PALS can only be taken by trained healthcare practitioners to ensure patient safety.

Here are some of the components of pediatric advanced life support:

  • Assessment of the pediatric patient
  • Establishing airway in a pediatric patient
  • Managing shock in a pediatric patient
  • Neonatal emergencies
  • Caring for children with special needs
  • Child maltreatment
  • Pediatric surgical and orthopedic emergencies
  • Pediatric medical emergencies
  • Anesthesia and sedation for children
  • Disaster management
  • Cardiovascular emergencies
  • Central nervous system emergencies
  • Traumatic injuries in pediatric patients
  • Toxicology
  • Environmental emergencies

What Interventions are Included in PALS?

Pediatric Advanced Life Support is a course involving a high degree of skill. As such, licensed healthcare practitioners are the ones who perform this. The following are included in PALS.

  • Child CPR
  • Infant CPR
  • AED Use
  • Cardiac, Respiratory and Shock Emergencies
  • Responsibilities in Pediatric Emergencies
  • Resuscitation Team Roles
  • Cardiac Rhythm Abnormalities
  • Electrical Therapy
  • Pediatric Assessment
  • Pharmacologic Treatment in Pediatric Emergencies
  • Establishing Intravenous Access

For more info, contact the American Heart Association

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